New environmental policy and realisation of Kyoto protocol in Russia

Publication date
Friday, 02.04.2004

E. Strukova (team leader), A. Golub, V. Danilov-Danilian, S. Kuraev


This paper deals with the macroeconomic policy and its links with the new concept of the environment protection during the period of economic growth. It also deals with the domestic environment protection policy and solution of the global ecological problems. Analysis of the Kуoto Protocol is given together with the economic consequences of its coming into force for Russia.


Section 1. Macroeconomic policy and new environmental policy concept for the period of economic growth   5
1.1. Identification of the most important environmental issues for the next decade and evaluation of ecological and socio-economic consequences of environmental pollution 5
1.2. The link between ecological policy and exploitation of natural resources 13
Section 2. Links between domestic environmental policy and solution of global ecological problems 16
2.1. Review of research projects demonstrating connection between the management of global and local pollution 16
2.2. Fuel structure in power engineering, greenhouse gas emissions and influence on the environment   20
Section 3. Macroeconomic analysis of the Kyoto Protocol: economic consequences of its coming into force for Russia 23
3.1. The Kyoto emission budget 23
3.2. Forecasts of GHG emissions in Russia and requirement in the use of quota for proper needs 25
3.3. Comparative analysis of forecasts and modern tendencies in dynamics of GHG emissions 34
3.4. Economic estimate of the quota 38
Section 4. Analysis and forecast of Russia’s energy sector development 41
4.1. Parameters for the future development of the energy sector 44
4.2. Consolidated forecast of the power industry development 52
Section 5. General conclusions and recommendations 54
Literature 55
Annex 59


Editors: Moldavsky A.
Prof-reader: Horoshkina S.
Page setting: Yudichev V.

The research and the publication were undertaken in the framework of CEPRA (Consortium for Economic Policy, Research and Advice) project funded by the Canadian Agency for International Development (CIDA).

ISBN 5-93255-140-2

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