The Gaidar Institute has published the “Russian economy in 2023. Trends and outlooks” annual review

Dear readers,

We bring to your attention the 45th issue of the Review “Russian Economy. Trends and Outlooks" which has been published by the Gaidar Institute since 1991.

The review presents an in-depth analysis of the most important trends in the Russian economy and global trends in the social and economic development. It includes five large sections on individual aspects of the Russian economy’s functioning, allowing one to track the most significant ongoing processes and transformation thereof over a long period.

The annual review was prepared by the team of authors of the Gaidar Institute with the use of an extensive array of statistical data on which basis original calculations and numerous graphic illustrations were made in support of the authors’ findings.