On April 1, Stepan Zemtsov, Senior Researcher of the Innovation Economics Department of the Gaidar Institute, told radio Sputnik how the population should adapt in times of crisis and which jobs they have to master.
According to the expert, “Small and medium-sized business will be strongly affected while staff reduction and turn to informal economy can be substantial: several million people according to the results of 2020 (-500 thousand in 2019). However, major entities and budget sector can also be reduced against such low oil prices.”
Responding to questions of the moderator, Stepan Zemtsov noted that the coronavirus epidemic is an excellent occasion for self-education and mastering of new professions. Nowadays, relevant professions are associated with distant work and delivery.
Zemtsov stated: “Pandemic is an occasion for the long overdue digital transformation, transition of all industries to the digital economy: robots at factories, drones for delivery, distant work, online services.”
One of the main issues, undoubtedly, is the personnel policies. The digital transformation scenario  requires retraining and reeducation of people.
The expert of the Gaidar Institute emphasized: “Crisis is a time to learn. It is important to master digital technologies, to work in a digital environment. In any profession, similar skills will be required, and in the future 20-30 years any work will require interaction with a robot, an analogue of the current profession. On the whole, it is important to work in one of the STEAM professions, to develop soft skills.”
 “Those who cannot retrain, adapt to new conditions, expect the economy of ignorance, the sector of informal and non-demanded employment: semi-legal side jobs, low living standards, social benefits, high mortality,” concluded Stepan Zemtsov.
More details on the research can be found in the articles: