The Russian National System of Innovation in Transition: Defence Legacy, Market Orientation and Emerging Challenges

Publication date
Monday, 04.10.2004

Irina Dezhina

France: CHEAr, 2004, 64 p.

Intellectual property rights (IPR) allocation is currently one of the most discussed problems in Russian science and technology sphere (S&T). The epicenter of discussions is around regulations of intellectual property (IP) created at the budgetary expense. This focus is not accidental. It has been calculated that about 90% of all IP in Russia result from federal budget. The share of government in total R&D expenditures on science is still quite high. In 2001 this share reached 56.2% and it has been slightly growing during last three years. For public research organizations (PROs) – such as government research organizations and High institutes–contribution from federal budget is even higher: up to 80% of total funding. For universities– that are mostly state owned–funding from federal budget amounts to 65%.


Defense, R&D Effort, and Intellectual Property Rights: Emerging Challenges

Intellectual Property Rights Regulations in Russia: Case of Government-Supported R&D

Creating a National Innovation System in Russia: Government Policy


Graph 1: Intramural Expenditures on R&D in Russia, by Source of Funds
Graph 2: R&D Financing by Main Sources of Funds (%), Latest Year Available
Graph 3: Intramural Expenditures on R&D, by Type of Work
Graph 4: Share of Industrial Enterprises in Russia Conducting Innovations
Graph 5: Number of Small Innovative Enterprises in Russia
Graph 6: Valid Russian Patents Granted to Foreign Applicants 
Graph 7: Comparative Data on License Contracts, by Type of Parties, in % to the Total of Every Year
Graph 8: Licensing Activity in Russia 


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