On November 1, Stepan Zemtsov, Senior Researcher, Innovation Economics Department of the Gaidar Institute, delivered a presentation “State support of highly technological and knowledge driven activities” in the course of RANEPA open seminar.
Presentation was delivered under preparation of annual rating “Highly technological business in the regions of Russia” (http://i-regions.org/images/files/ranepa19.pdf) supported by Interfax group and Association of innovation regions of Russia.
Stepan Zemtsov mentioned in his report that there were dozens of examples of effective support of high technologies, i.e. programs SBIR, STTR in USA, Yozma in Israel, cluster policy in EU. In addition, a number of countries, for instance, South Korea, England, Finland, Kazakhstan, provide their direct support to companies- hidden champions.
In Russia, main source of support of high technologies come from budget expenses on research and development while the expenditures of main institutions providing their support, i.e. Rosnano, RBK, Skolkovo, Bortnik Foundation, etc., constitute only 6.5% of the state expenditures on scientific research. Bortnik Foundation seems to be the most effective tool in in the development of startups in Russia. The best practices of regional support of high technologies are represented in the regions with already existing world level clusters: Tatarstan, Kaluga, Tomsk, Novosibirsk, Samara regions.
Based on the fulfilled analysis, Russia has to develop venture industry attracting private investors aimed at the improvement of state support efficiency. It is necessary to expand the competition support of startups. The most significant tools of innovation infrastructure are the following: industrial parks, consulting companies, technological brokers. It will not be possible to achieve goals aimed at non-resource based growth of economy without development of entrepreneurial universities. There are examples of Stanford, Colorado, Cambridge.
Presentation of Stepan Zemtsov